"But you, Daniel, close up and seal the words of the scroll until the time of the end." Daniel 12:4

The End-times and Prophecy

Acharit hayamim - end of the days  

(acharit-hayamim in Hebrew - literally the end of the days)

(When the olam hazeh (this world / this age) is coming to an end and olam haba (the world to come) is about to begin.  (Complete Jewish Bible)  (according to Webster's New World Hebrew dictionary, olam haba also means Heaven or Paradise)

The Apocalypse    -    The book of Revelation    -    Judgment Day    -    The Last Trumpet    -    The Second Coming  -  Eschatology   

"End-times" are often talked about, referring to prophesies concerning the second coming of Jesus and the end of the world as we know it.   Eschatology is the study of "the last things" or "end things", from the Greek, eschatos which means "end" or "last".  The phrase occurs in the prophecy of Daniel and was picked up by Jesus in his discourse on the Mount of Olives  (Matt 24) in answer to his disciples' question, "When will this happen, and what will be the sign of your coming and the end of the age?".  These themes are developed in the book of Revelation, also known as the Apocalypse.   The pictorial language concerning Judgment Day and the Last Trumpet can be "difficult" but it is consistent with themes in the Old Testament prophecy and tradition.  It is possible to have an unhealthy interest in End Times, but the believer should have a balanced understanding of Bible teaching.  Remember that Daniel was told,  "Go Daniel for the things are closed up and sealed until the end time."  (Daniel 12 v10) but see also Revelation.

Many Jewish people are deeply concerned that Christians hold to an end times scenario in which many Jews will be killed in order to speed the return of Jesus. Malcolm Hedding has written an excellent piece on this subject. Thirsting for Armageddon? Please read it here.

The first thing to establish is that anyone who claims to know the date is mislead or lying.  In Luke 21 v7-32 Jesus warns about this and gives some clues of events that will indicate the time is drawing closer.  Obviously we should not be too specific in our interpretation of these signs but we should know to be ready.  See the parable of the bridesmaids in Matthew 25.  ( and also the page on weddings)   Five were alert enough to be prepared and five were not.   

Remember also that Jesus said,  "Look at the fig tree, Indeed, all the trees.  As soon as they sprout leaves you can see for yourself that summer is near.  In the same way, when you see these things taking place, you are to know that the Kingdom of God is near!"  Interestingly, the CJB translation continues,  "Yes I tell you that this people will certainly not pass away before it has all happened. . . . ." (Luke 21 v32)  The more common translation of "this generation" is still a possibility, with various interpretations, but "this people" reminds us that God has not finished with the Jews and that they will be there taking their part in these climactic events - so watch for these sprouting leaves!    (See also Lance Lambert - "The Uniqueness of Israel" p72)

The Golden Gate, in the Eastern wall of old JerusalemThe Golden Gate in Jerusalem is blocked up, but Ezekiel chapters 43 and 44 speak of the Eastern gate and the coming Glory of the Lord.  The Jews believe that Messiah will enter through this gate when he comes from the Mount of Olives.

"The times of the gentiles" is mentioned in Luke 21 v24 and in Romans 11.  Israel's recapture of Jerusalem in 1967 suggests that the times of the gentiles are already coming to a close, and that Jesus will return in the lifetime of "this generation".   (Mark 13 v30 )    

The Temple stood on the Temple Mount area that is behind this gate.  Much of what must yet happen centres around the building of the Third Temple, and this is obviously a hot issue in Israel.  

Dr Randall Price, in his book,  "The Coming Last Days Temple", explores the pattern of prophecy concerning the Temple, and therefore Israel.  He discusses the words of Daniel,  Jesus and John (in his Revelation) and what God will bring to fruition.  He shows how the prophecy of 70 weeks in Daniel has worked out so far.  (Very briefly,  the weeks are each weeks of years (7 years) and the first 69 worked out as prophesied when Messiah first came;  the clock then stopped, starting the Church Age.  The last week (7years) will commence when the clock re-starts and it will end with Messiah's second coming).    Perhaps the books of Daniel and Revelation are more literal than we imagined.

The Israel and Temple Mount Faithful group is pressing hard towards rebuilding the Temple and re-establishing Temple worship.  Other Jews have different beliefs about rebuilding, and secular Jews fear disturbing the status quo and provoking political conflict.  Opposition from the Muslims is strong, as is to be expected, and they are working on Temple Mount to destroy archaeological evidence of the Temple in support of their claims that it never existed there.  The agencies that should prevent such acts appear unwilling to risk confrontation.  

Reports from Jerusalem say that the works on Temple Mount have caused water to start flowing and in spite of their efforts and use of special pumps it can not be stopped.  (See the references to the river in the table below)

( see Temple / Tabernacle, Books, and  Internet )

( See also "READY FOR HIS RETURN?" by Ray Borlase for a checklist of all the issues we should keep in mind in these days)

The Dispersion of the Jews which occurred in 70CE can be looked at in the same way as the exiles which happened to Israel  ( Israel and Judah after the division of the nation).   When the exile period was completed, a remnant returned home.  In most cases this was a new generation.  This is what  has been  happening, most strongly since 1948, as Jews are making Aliyah, (going up) from many nations.

Moses prophesied that Israel would fail to keep the covenant and that they would be exiled; but in Deuteronomy 4 v 30 he says,  " In your distress, when all these things have come upon you,  in acharit hayamim you will return to Adonai your God and listen to what he says."     Can this be taken to indicate that the End Times are bound up with Israel's return?

The Jewish Calendar

In Genesis 2 v 1-3 we read that God created the heavens and the earth in six days and rested on the seventh.  He declared the seventh day as a Sabbath for his people.   In 2 Peter 3 v8, we read that " with the LORD a thousand years is as a day", and some believe that the earth will have a thousand year Sabbath rest ( see Rev 20 ) after six thousand years of history, in keeping with this principle.

In the Jewish calendar the year 1999/2000 was 5760.   This date is calculated from the creation of the earth.   This was done using all the available information, but omitting any period for which data was not available.  The period of Israel's stay in Egypt contained such a gap, but Archaeologist and Egyptologist David Rohl, working at Pi-Ramases where Israel stayed, has found data in hieroglyphics.  Using this data he calculates that 240 years can be added to the 5760 of the Jewish calendar.    ("Pharos and Prophets" - reported in "israel today"  June '99 issue)

The eight or nine Jubilees

The teachings of Jewish sages Yehuda ben Samuel (1150-1217) and the Gaon of Vilna (1720-1797) include the matter of "eight or nine jubilees" (50 year periods Ė see Leviticus 25).    The Gaon believed that the Ottoman conquest of Jerusalem was a significant event on Godís clock. According to his calculations, Jerusalem would be occupied for eight jubilees and then a "no-mans land" for another jubilee before returning to Jewish hands. The Ottoman conquest in 1517 was followed eight jubilees (400 years) later, when General Allenby captured Jerusalem in 1917. One more jubilee later, Israel re-united Jerusalem in 1967. This teaching confirms the belief that 1967 marked the beginning of the time of the coming of the Messiah (the end of "the times of the Gentiles")     ( "israel today" magazine December 2003)

The interpretation of these things is up to you, but I would suggest being ready.


Interesting post from Israel found on the Internet.  

BULLETIN: Orthodox and Hassidic Rabbonim Declare "Time of Jacob's Trouble"
- Reported by ben Yosef - March 22, 2001.

At the Western Wall today and in yeshivas and synagogues and religious schools throughout Israel the sound of shofar blasts, the singing of Hebrew Psalms and cries and tears and wails of repentance were heard in response
to a declaration by the Gedolei Yisrael (Great Ones of Israel) formally recognizing the beginning of the "time of Jacob's trouble."

What is unusual about this year's Yom Kippur Katan is that in light of the 6-month-old Palestinian uprising which has claimed the lives of many Israelis, the rabbis have added the designation as "a time of Jacob's

Further it is signed by ALL 27 of the leading Orthodox and Chassidic sages, both the "maranan verabonon" (masters and teachers) and the "gedolei ha-Torah vehaChassidus (Torah sages among the Chassidut)."

Could this be a revelation to these Jewish religious leaders that we are indeed in that time prophesied by Jeremiah:
"Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob's trouble; but he shall be saved out of it" (30:7)?  

The author is more inclined to the view that Jacob's trouble (Jeremiah 30 v7) refers to the Holocaust, since subsequent verses talk of God finishing off the nations to which He scattered Jacob/Israel (v11) and bringing Jacob back to the land (v10).   The return after the Holocaust was the first from a scattering to the nations - previous returns had been from exile to just one nation.     

How awful that day will be!   None will be like it.  It will be a time of trouble for Jacob,  but he will be saved out of it.  

` In that day,' declares the LORD Almighty, `I will break the yoke off their necks and will tear off their bonds; no longer will foreigners enslave them.  Instead, they will serve the LORD their God and David their king,  whom I will raise up for them.  

`So do not fear, O Jacob my servant; do not be dismayed, O Israel,' declares the LORD.  `I will surely save you out of a distant place, your descendants from the land of their exile. Jacob will again have peace and security, and no one will make him afraid.

Many prophecy scholars believe that "the time of Jacob's  trouble" is synonymous with either the 70th week of Daniel and/or the tribulation.   Time to put our house in order.   Time to break up the fallow ground.   Time to seek the Lord while He may yet be found.

This is the pathway from the Mount of Olives down to the Kidron Valley, joining the road by the Church of All Nations.  It runs straight up the Mount, in line with the Golden Gate.  A geological fault line runs up this path.

Zechariah 14 v3   -   Then the LORD will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day of battle. 4On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south. 5You will flee by my mountain valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.

Some scriptures worth studying

The coming of the Son of Man                    

Daniel 7        ( Luke 21 v27)
Signs of the End of the Age Luke 21 v 5-32
The end of the Age  (Olivet discourse) Matthew 24  &   Mark 13
The return of the children of Israel      Jeremiah 31    Isaiah 49 v22

Deuteronomy 30 v3-5     (NB from all the nations; not from a single exile but the  dispersion of 70 CE)

The last war          

 Ezekiel 38,  ch 31 v1-4,  ch 39 v12

Zechariah 5 & 6

The antichrist    (beware of the capital "A") 2 Thessalonians 2 v3 -7,  1 John 2 v18,  1 John 4 v3,  2 John 1 v7,   (no specific reference in Revelation but check chapter 13)
Dry bones (restoration of Israel) Ezekiel 37
Fishers and hunters collecting people for return  Jeremiah 16 v15-16
God's glory returns  Ezekiel 43 
Revival in Israel + Jerusalem besieged  Zechariah  ch 12 to 14
Valley of Decision  & restoration of Zion  Joel 3
 The Last Trumpet and Resurrection   1 Corinthians 15 v51-54
Judgment  Revelation 16 
Messiah's thousand year reign  Revelation 20
New Heaven and Earth Revelation 21
River of life from Jerusalem  Revelation 22   (Zechariah 14 v8  Ezekiel 47, Joel - last chapter)

See outline of   Tribulation   and     Rapture

See also   Tribes and Nations

 The Jezreel valley from Mount Gilboa - Phot PJ Cook

The Jezreel Valley - seen here from Mt Gilboa - the site of many battles in the past, and (maybe) Armageddon  ( Har Meggido - the hill of Meggido ) for the final battle. Picture - Peter Cook

Battles of Israel

1896 Hertzl wrote "The Jewish State"  
  Jews started moving to Ottoman Palestine Jeremiah 16 v14-16

UK Government made Balfour Declaration. 

1920 San Remo conference - League of Nations adopted Balfour Declaration and gave Britain the Mandate  
1939-45 World War II  -  Holocaust Jeremiah 30?
  Holocaust survivors go to Israel - resisted by the British Jeremiah 30?
1947 UN voted to establish state of Israel - partitioned into Jewish and Arab states  
1948 May 14th   Independence Day - Israel - Jews have their own state in which to defend themselves Jeremiah 16
1948 May 15 - Invaded by Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt & Iraq.   Israel numbered 650,000 - Arabs up to 150,000000   -  territory 200 times larger.  Arabs defeated.  
1950  Sinai conflict  
1967 Six Day War  
1973 Yom Kippur War  
1970  PLO attempted to topple King of Jordan.   Driven out  -- fled to Lebanon  
1975  PLO cause civil war in Lebanon - massacre 100,000 Christian Lebanese  -  Syria move in as "peacekeepers" and attack Israel  
1982  Israel move into Southern Lebanon  -  capture huge amount of Russian armament.  
1999 Israel pull out of Lebanon  
2018? Damascus becomes a smoking ruin Isaiah 17:1
???? Gog, Magog alliance of Nations invades Israel  -  -  God counter attacks 


(Ezekiel 38 & 39   more likely the war after the Millennium)

???? The Tribulation  -  some Jews accept Yeshua as Messiah  -  Judgment on Gentile enemies. Revelation 6 - 19
7 years long Tribulation comes when Israel signs peace treaty with the Antichrist  -  (comes as counterfeit Messiah, to solve World problems and bring Middle East Peace.)   Leader of One World Government centered on 10 nation confederacy.   Daniel 9 v27  -  Isaiah 28 v18

1 Thessalonians 5 v3

  Israel builds Third Temple  -  Antichrist becomes drunk with power.  -  False Prophet working with Antichrist  (One World Religion) Revelation 16 v3,  19 v20  & 20 v10
31/2 years in False Prophet gets Antichrist acknowledged as divine  -  worshippers take his mark on hand or forehead.    Revelation 14 v9-11,  16 v2,  19 v20  13 v4,  Thessalonians 2 v9-12    Daniel 9 v24-27
  Image of Antichrist in Temple Daniel 9 v27,  12 v11,  Matthew 24 v18  2Thessalonians 2 v4,  Revelation 13 v14-15
  Hundreds of thousands of Jews accept Yeshua  -  Antichrist seeks to kill Jews. Deuteronomy 4 v30,   Matthew 24
  Antichrist occupies Jerusalem Zechariah 14 v2,  Luke 21 v24,  Revelation 11 v8
  All nations support Antichrist   -   will persecute Jews Zechariah 12 v2-3, 9, 14 v2,   Joel 3 v2  Isaiah 66 v18,  Zechariah 13 v8  & 14 v2,   Matthew 24 v15-21,   Luke 21 v21
31/2 years God will protect them Revelation 12
  Antichrist will kill many messianic believers - including Christians Daniel 7 v25, 12 v3,  Revelation 12 v11, 17   -  and Revelation 7 v9-17
31/2  days God raises two Jewish Prophets  -  many signs and wonders  -  Antichrist kills them and displays bodies to world  -  raised to life again  -  earthquake; 7000 dead   -  Judgment against nations  -  in valley of Jehosophat Revelation 11 v3-13

Revelation 6, 8, 9, 16   Matthew 16 v14  -  Joel 3 v2,  Zechariah 14 v2,  Isaiah 66 v18

  Armageddon  (Megido or Valley of Jehosophat, Jerusalem?) Revelation 16 v11,  Joel 3 v9-17,  Zechariah 12 v2-4, 8, 9  14
  Messiah comes in Judgment Revelation 19 v11-16,  19-21
1000 years Messiah's 1000 year reign Revelation 20 v1-6
? Gog and Magog attack (again)   - fire from Heaven devours them Revelation 20 v7-10


Revelation can be studied in conjunction with the feast of Tabernacles           (click  Yom Kippur  and   Sukot )

The return from Exile

God's fishermen are doing a good job for those living in hard circumstances, like those who have returned from Russia, but there are still more Jews in the USA than there are in Israel.    What is there to encourage them to make aliyah - to go home to Israel?   It appears to take the hunters to persuade those in affluent lands to go home.   Is the rise in Anti-Semitism that we are witnessing working towards God's end-times purposes to gather His people.

Jeremiah 16 v14-16    "However, the days are coming," declares the LORD, "when men will no longer say, `As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of Egypt,' but they will say, `As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of the land of the north and out of all the countries where he had banished them.' For I will restore them to the land I gave their forefathers.  "But now I will send for many fishermen," declares the LORD, "and they will catch them. After that I will send for many hunters, and they will hunt them down on every mountain and hill and from the crevices of the rocks"

When all these things come to pass .

Looking forward to the fulfilment of Ezekiel 47 vs 8-10 and Zechariah 14 v8, you can purchase your Fishing License for the Dead Sea.

Visit the Dead Sea Foundation - (no longer active)



And the Church - in the acharit-hayamim - literally the end of the days?

2 Timothy 3 v1-5

But mark this: There will be terrible times in the last days. People will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boastful, proud, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy, without love, unforgiving, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not lovers of the good, treacherous, rash, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God-- having a form of godliness but denying its power. Have nothing to do with them.

and 2 Timothy 4 v3-4

For the time will come when men will not put up with sound doctrine. Instead, to suit their own desires, they will gather around them a great number of teachers to say what their itching ears want to hear. They will turn their ears away from the truth and turn aside to myths.

Consider also Whither the Church


Updated 11/04/18

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